Republic of Kenya. 2020. Kenya Gazette Supplement: The Startup Bill. 163.

AO: The Senate on 14 September 2020 proposed the Start-up Bill, ostensibly to help support start-ups. However, the current draft appears to only add to the myriad of complications currently faced by start-ups operating in Kenya.Read more

2006 Kenya National ICT Policy

AO: This is the first publicly published national ICT policy (although there was one drafted in 1997 that was never followed through). This was published in 2006. It was followed by another iteration in 2016...Read more

Government of the Republic of Kenya. (2008). Kenya Vision 2030 (The Popular Version). Government of the Republic of Kenya.

AO: This is the Kenya Vision 2030 document launched in 2008 (and republished as the "popular version") in 2018 on the Vision 2030 website ( The document outlines the long-term development blueprint for the country.Read more

Friederici, N., Wahome, M., & Graham, M. (2020). Digital Entrepreneurship in Africa: How a Continent Is Escaping Silicon Valley’s Long Shadow. The MIT Press.

AO: This recent Open Access monograph publication by Friederici et al. is particularly relevant for the macro and nano chapters in that they describe Nairobi's technology ecosystem and the entrepreneurs who work...Read more

Strachan Matranga, H., Bhattacharyya, B., & Baird, R. (2017). Breaking the Pattern: Getting Digital Financial Services Entrepreneurs to Scale in India and East Africa. Village Capital.

AO: This 2017 report has been particularly influential in the Kenyan technology space and continues to be cited in conversations regarding race, tech capital and privilege. The key finding that created a big buzz and is primarily what is referred to when people mention "The Village Capital...Read more

2019 Kenya National ICT Policy

AO: This is the latest publicly published Kenya National ICT policy which was a revision of the 2016 policy (which followed the first policy published in...Read more

Kenya ICT Authority. 2014. “The Kenya National ICT Masterplan.”

AO: This five year ICT Masterplan was released by the Ministry of Information in 2014.Read more

AOk. African problems are "information" problems

AO: This quote (see copy-pasted below) states that IBM (Research) believed that "many of the hardest problems in our world today, particularly in Africa, are problems of information." The speaker...Read more

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